History

The Parish has an exceptionally rich heritage, with the most well known connection being with the Romans as Bowness was the western end of Hadrian's Wall started in AD122.  

The Romans made the Solway Plain a military base, and around AD122 the Emperor Hadrian constructed a frontier wall which was reinforced by forts including Maia which was at Bowness on Solway.  When the Roman Empire collapsed around AD383, the Solway was abandoned as we entered the Dark Ages.

Viking settlers are also know to have colonised the area which may have left the ancient form of fishing known as Haaf Netting as a legacy.  The Parish was formalised in Norman times.  

The coastal area was a scene of activity and sometimes violence between the Englsh and Scots.  Notably, the bells of St Michaels Church in Bowness were stolen by the Scots in 1626 then thrown into the Solway by the raiders as they retreated.  In retaliation, the parishioners stole the bells from Dornock which remain in the parish to date.

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Romans

The Romans made the Solway Plain a military base, and around AD122 the Emperor Hadrian constructed a frontier wall which was reinforced by forts including Maia which was at Bowness on Solway.  When the Roman Empire collapsed around AD383, the Solway was abandoned as we entered the Dark Ages.

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Activities in Bowness-on-Solway

Things to Do

Bowness on Solway is the perfect base for visiting Hadrians Wall, Carlisle and the Lake District